STRASBERG, LEE (1901–1982), U.S. theatrical director and teacher. Born in Budanov (then Austria-Hungary), his family moved in 1909 to New York, where Strasberg became entranced with the theater, largely through the influence of the Chrystie Street Settlement House. In 1923, after seeing a performance of the Moscow Art Theater then touring under the direction of Stanislavsky, he enrolled in the American Laboratory Theater, which followed Stanislavsky's realistic principles. He began his professional career in 1924 with the Theater Guild, first as assistant stage manager and then as an actor. In 1931 Strasberg, Cheryl Crawford, and Harold Clurman founded the Group Theater, which came to exercise a profound influence on the American stage. He directed several plays, of which Men in White (1933) won a Pulitzer Prize, but resigned in 1937 after a policy dispute. In 1947, he joined the Actors Studio and became its artistic director in 1948. The Studio was largely shaped by him and became famous for its "Method" approach to acting. Its pupils won acclaim for an intense personal style. Strasberg has said, "Acting is to live on a stage. This means an actor must be able to react to an imaginary stimulus just as hard as he would to a real stimulus." Strasberg maintained close ties with Jewish theater and directed several productions for habimah , the National Theater of Israel. He made his film debut at age 73, portraying a Jewish mobster in The Godfather, Part II (1974), which garnered him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor. Subsequent films include The Cassandra Crossing (1976); the TV movie The Last Tenant (1976); And Justice for All (1979); Boardwalk (1979); Going in Style (1979); and the TV movie Skokie (1981). His book A Dream of Passion: The Development of the Method was published in 1987. His daughter, SUSAN (1938–1999), a film and stage actress, was best known for her performance on Broadway in the title role of The Diary of Anne Frank (1955), which earned her a Tony nomination for Best Actress. A close friend of Marilyn Monroe's, she wrote Marilyn and Me (1992), as well as Bittersweet (1990). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Current Biography Yearbook, 1960 (1961), 406–8; Enciclopedia dello Spettacolo (1962), S.V., incl. bibl. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Adams, Lee Strasberg: The Imperfect Genius of the Actors Studio (1980); L. Hull, Strasberg's Method as Taught by Lorrie Hull (1985); J. Strasberg, Accidentally on Purpose (2000). (Raphael Rothstein / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Strasberg, Lee — orig. Israel Strassberg born Nov. 17, 1901, Budzanów, Pol., Austria Hungary died Feb. 17, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S. Russian born U.S. theatre director and teacher. At age seven he immigrated to New York City with his family. After acting lessons …   Universalium

  • Strasberg, Lee — (1901 82)    American actor. Born in Austria Hungary, he went to the US at the age of seven. He grew up on the Lower East Side of New York. He joined the Chrystie Street Settlement House s drama club. He later studied at the Clare Tree Major… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Strasberg, Lee — (1901–72)    US theatre director. At the age of eight, Strasberg was brought to New York from Hungary. After working with the Theatre Guild as an actor and director, he was a co founder in 1931 of the Group Theatre, which he directed until his… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Strasberg, Lee — • СТРА СБЕРГ (Strasberg) Ли (17.11.1901 12.2.1982)    амер. актёр, режиссер, педагог. С кон. 1910 х гг. выступал на сцене, был режиссёром. Занимался в Амер. лабораторном т ре у Р. Ботулеславского и М. Успенской, благодаря к рым изучил систему К.… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Strasberg,Lee — Stras·berg (străsʹbərg, sträsʹ ), Lee. 1901 1982. Austrian born American theatrical director and teacher who studied under Stanislavsky and was an influential exponent of his method of acting. * * * …   Universalium

  • Strasberg, Lee — pseud. di Lee, Israel …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Strasberg, Lee — orig. Israel Strassberg (17 nov. 1901, Budzanów, Polonia, Austría Hungría–17 feb. 1982, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Director y profesor de teatro estadounidense de origen ruso. A la edad de siete años emigró a Nueva York junto a su familia.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lee Strasbreg — Lee Strasberg Lee Strasberg, de son vrai nom Israel Strassberg (né le 17 novembre 1901 en Ukraine, mort le 17 février 1982 à New York, États Unis) était un acteur américain qui a contribué à faire de l Actors Studio l école d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • STRASBERG (L.) — STRASBERG LEE (1901 1982) Le nom de Lee Strasberg, fondateur et metteur en scène d’une compagnie dramatique américaine avant la guerre, le Group Theatre (avec Cheryl Crawford et Harold Clurman), est surtout lié à l’Actor’s Studio, qu’il créa à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lee — /lee/, n. 1. Ann, 1736 84, British mystic: founder of Shaker sect in U.S. 2. Charles, 1731 82, American Revolutionary general, born in England. 3. Doris Emrick /em rik/, born 1905, U.S. painter. 4. Fitzhugh /fits hyooh / or, often, / yooh ; fits… …   Universalium

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